New Incentives for Charitable Giving
On December 29, 2022, the President signed the Fiscal Year 2022 Omnibus Appropriations Bill which included a provision to create a new charitable planned gift opportunity. Beginning in 2023, donors can now use their IRAs to fund life income gifts such as a charitable gift annuity or charitable remainder trust. While there are nuances, this may be the perfect opportunity for donors looking to create a legacy and receive income for life.
Here are the basics:
- A donor can make this once-in-a-lifetime gift election of funding a life-income-gift (such as a Charitable Gift Annuity) with an IRA. This can be done in one tax year only.
- The aggregate limit of IRA-funded life-income gifts in that year is $50,000 (meaning, you can only create up to $50,000 in these gifts, in one tax year only).
- All life income payments to donor will be fully taxable as ordinary income (no capital gains or tax-free).
- The annuitant(s) must be the donor and/or the donor's spouse.
- Since these count as QCDs (Qualified Charitable Distributions), any amounts distributed into life income vehicles will count toward that year's 100k limit on QCDs.
- A direct distribution from your donor's IRA to a life income plan counts towards their Required Minimum Distribution for that year. (Note the required beginning date has been pushed back to age 73.)
- There’s no charitable deduction. But like the QCD, think of it as “the tax-free” gift — as an above-the-line deduction, whether or not you itemize.
- Both the $50,000 and $100,000 limits will be adjusted for inflation each year.
Why is this so important?
IRAs are a very popular financial asset and this opportunity may create a more advantageous way for a donor to receive income and support their favorite charity.
Greg and Kristen are aged 75 and 73, respectively, who have accumulated a fair amount in their IRAs. Looking to support RWJ University Hospital Foundation, their favorite charity, yet mindful of their continuing need for retirement income, they have decided to create a charitable gift annuity over their joint lives, funded with $25k from one or both of their IRAs.
If they elect the benefits of this new legislation, they will exclude the $25k from income, where it would have been taxed at, say, 28 percent, but still count it toward their minimum required distributions. The distribution will not affect the taxability of their Social Security benefits, nor cause an increase in their Medicare Part B premiums. Nor will it push them into the next marginal rate bracket.
The gift annuity will pay $1,425 per year over their joint lives, and while the full amount will be taxable as ordinary income, it will be spread out over twenty-odd years.
If they had instead taken distributions from their IRAs sufficient to fund a gift annuity at $25k, they would have had to withdraw almost $35k and pay tax of at least $9.7k. While more than half of the annuity payout for the first 17 years would have been treated as a return of their investment in the contract and not taxed, this would reflect a tax savings over that interval of only a little over $4k.
In short, the new "Legacy IRA" rollover into a gift annuity more than pays for itself, and most of the tax benefit is immediate.